Humilladero

Prehistoric/Pre-Roman

Romans

Muslims

Christian Conquest

Modern Age
1618 a date that is inscribed on the Cruz del Humilladero (El Humilladero cross that sits at the entrance to the village although there is some that think that there may have been a settlement here before . The village name means where one kneels or “humbles himself”) that according to tradition comes from the oath performed by the Crown Prince Don Fernando of Antequera before conquering that city.
Contemporary Age


Fuente de Piedra

Prehistoric/Pre-Roman

Romans

Muslims

Christian Conquest

Modern Age
In 1461 Rodrigo Ponce de León of Marchena took possession of the area, overthrowing the Moors.
Contemporany Age


Antequera

Prehistoric/Pre-Roman
In the last third of the 1st millennium BCE, the Iberian peninsula became part of the Roman Empire.
Romans

Muslims
In the year 711 a tribe of Berbers out of North Africa (Moors) invaded Spain. By about 716, Antikaria was influenced by Moorish culture, tradition and architecture, and received a new name: Medina Antaquira
Christian Conquest
-The Moorish state was known for its religious tolerance, and lasted until 1212, when a coalition of Christian kings drove them from Central Spain in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
-Medina Antaquira was repeatedly attacked by the Christian kings during the Reconquista, and September 16, 1410 an army led by Ferdinand I of Aragon conquered the city. This gave Ferdinand, who was crowned King of Aragon in 1412, the title of "Fernando de Antequera"

Modern Age

Contemporany Age
It was only in the 1960s, when the nearby Costa del Sol developed into an international tourist hotspot, that Antequera experienced another economic upswing. Today the city is an important tourist and cultural center, not only on a regional scale.

Archidona


Prehistoric/Pre-Roman
Traces have been found of the existence of the Turdulo people from about 1,500 B.C., with the Phoenicians following on and giving the place the name of "Escua" meaning the "Principal Head".
Middle Age
The end of the 9th and beginning of the 10th Archidona also played host to the start of the Omeya dynasty in Andalucia - an important era in Spanish history.
By the end of the 11th century, under the rule of Taifa, the town came on hard times, finally resulting in much of the land being abandoned.

Modern Age

Contemporany Age
In 1980 Archidona was declared a Village of Historic and Artistic Interest.



Monument


Name
Location
Origin
Typology
Style
Description
The church of Nuestra Señora del Rosario
Humilladero
The date from 1861
Religious architecture

The village has a few notable landmarks including The church of Nuestra Señora del Rosario (Our Lady of the Rosary), the local patron saint, which is thought to date from 1861 which is the date inscribed on its façade
The palace of the Marques
Fuente de Piedra
In the 19th
Military
Neoclassic
The village itself is typically Andaluz with its whitewashed houses with wrought iron protecting the balconies. As well as a few impressive houses built for noblemen of the past.
The church of Virgen de las Virtudes
Fuente de Piedra
In 1891
Religious architecture
Neo-mudéjar and gotic
There is only one church that of the Virgen de las Virtudes the patron saint of the village. It was built in the neo-mudéjar style and has an interesting main façade, with a rather gothic like stain glass window over the main entrance.
Moorish Castle
Archidona
Musulmans
Moorish architecture
Islamic
At the time of the Moorish occupation it was impenetrable, with its three layers of ramparts protecting it and with an imposing rock face behind it.
The Hermitage of La Virgen de Gracia
Archidona
Arabs
Religious architecture
Islamic
This hermitage and sanctuary is dedicated to the devotion of the patron saint, La Virgen de la Gracia. This is a unique site in Andalucia because it has been built on the original site of the Arabic Mosque, while all others were destroyed.
The Santa Ana Churt
Archidona
At the beginning of the 16th Century and then rebuilt in the 19th Century.
Religious architecture

This was the first church built in Villa Baja at the beginning of the 16th Century and then rebuilt in the 19th Century. The Church stands out with its triangular tower and is well worth a visit to see both the wealth of artistic and religious heritage inside the church.
Plaza de la Victoria
Archidona

Local/Civil architecture

This is main pulse of the village, where main social events are held. Two important buildings looking into the square are the Town Hall (previously housing the co-operative granary) and the Church of la Victoria, with its notable bell gable.
Convento de las Míninas
Archidona

Religious architecture

The nuns continue to live their simple and reclusive life within the walls of this old building and their church has a sense of deep, intimate devotion. On the outside, you can see the brick work of the baroque tower with its splendid green and white ceramic spire.
The Church of el Nazareno & Escuelas Pías
Archidona
Founded around the middle of the 18th Century
Religious and teaching architecture

This is both church and training school for the Nazarene brotherhood. You can be seen these devotees in processions during Easter week. The main door of the college and the clock tower are distinctive.
Plaza Ochavada
Archidona
Was built in the 18th Century
Local/Civil
architecture

The French style.
The unusually designed octagonal plaza. Inside this 'Andalucian Patio' red brick contrasts with the bright white wash of the walls, reflecting the style of the local architecture.
Hermitage of San Antonio
Archidona
Dates back to the 18th Century.
Religious architecture
Islamic style
The hermitage (ermita) dates back to the 18th Century.
Cueva de la Menga
Antequera
In the 19th century
Excavated

There are many such dolmens in Andalucía, but none as large as the Cueva de la Menga. When it was excavated in the nineteenth century, many hundreds of skeletons were found in its inner chamber.
The dolmens
Antequera
Roman
Ancient architecture
Roman style
Just outside Antequera city, visit one of Antequera's most impressive sights, the dolmens, located in a park to the west of the town.
The Convento de las Descalzas, the Barefoot Carmelitas, on the square of the same name.
Antequera

Religious architecture
Gothic style
Inside the heavy wooden entrance, there is a small counter with a display of bakery products and prices, next to a revolving wooden door. You pull a rope which rings a bell, and then hear a woman's voice say "Sí" after which you give your order and place your money on the tray. The hidden nun then spins the tray around, with the pastries emerging from the door.
Bullring
Antequera
the 19th century
Local/civil architecture
Roman style
It has two floors, giving access to 11 stairs, doors ingreso.Entre eight units for the service of the runs are two stables, two pens for wild cattle, seven pens and rooms for administration, ticketing and nursing.
Renaissance church of Santa María la Mayor
Antequera
in the 1535
Religious architecture
Gothic style
By 1535 Pedro Lopez also works, then Master of the Cathedral of Malaga, in this very interesting church a basilica with three naves with a facade that responds in its composition to the interior plan structure, three bodies arched vertical closed triumphal, with unequal access doors that are topped by half a point by niche
the Church of Nuestra Señora del Carmen,
Antequera

Religious architexture
Gothic style
The whole convent and church construction began in the late sixteenth century, being completed in the first third of the twentieth century. The Mudejar monumental ship is dated between 1612 and 1614. The elevation of the nave and chancel develop an interesting program of progeny Mannerist architecture, highlighting the decoration of the dome mate with entwined ribbons, garlands, masks and heads of cherubs.
Arch of the Giants
Antequera
in 1585
Local/civil architecture
Gothic style
It is a construction made by municipal initiative in 1585 in the approaches of humanism, in order to replace an access Muslim corner of the fence trying to evoke with its large arch triumphal arches of the classical world.